“It seemed like a waste of this real estate in our genome — and in our cells — to have these elements and not have them there for any particular purpose,” Ramalho-Santos says. “So we just asked a very simple question: Could they be doing something that’s actually beneficial?”In fact all of the allegedly "vestigial" organs, at all scales, have turned out to be useful and important. The appendix holds the starter culture for gut bacteria. Tonsils and adenoids were routinely removed, but finally a serious study finds that overall health is worse without them. This is directly parallel to Natural Law, which modern "scientific" types also consider vestigial. In fact Natural Law is the experimental record from hundreds of generations who tried all sorts of behavioral patterns. The patterns that SURVIVED are recorded as being God's laws. It doesn't matter if you give God the byline or not. The EXPERIMENTS have been done and the DATA is there for us to use. As usual the Darwinists explicitly and specifically REFUSE to listen to the results of NATURAL SELECTION, because it disagrees with their monstrous psychopathic delusions. Some organs and some laws may be less important in some situations, but those highly refined situations are temporary. If you remove the organs and laws, you are thereby forcing your survival to depend solely on the highly refined infrastructure and civilization. Come to think of it, that's the whole fucking point. Parkinson as fucking always. Secularists understand that their purposes are crossgrained with survival, so they encourage us to abandon the natural organs and behaviors that DEFEND us against natural threats. We must be totally addicted to Modern Medicine and Modern Tyranny for our survival.
Little is as unnerving as trouble with the IRS, especially if you haven’t done anything wrong. That happened repeatedly during the Obama administration, as his IRS enthusiastically targeted conservative groups. We’re now understanding why the Congress didn’t do much of anything about it. We just released internal IRS documents revealing that Sen. John McCain’s Former Staff Director and Chief Counsel on the Senate Homeland Security Permanent Subcommittee, Henry Kerner, urged top IRS officials, including then-director of exempt organizations, Lois Lerner, to “audit so many that it becomes financially ruinous.” President Trump, presumably unaware of these new facts, appointed Kerner as Special Counsel for the United States Office of Special Counsel.Of course the participation of Infinite Traitor McCain is unsurprising and normal. He belongs in the same part of Hell as Tom Paine and Lincoln and Roy Cohn and Trump. Servants of Wall Street, total betrayers and obliterators who gain a reputation as "mavericks" or "independents" or "protectors" of "individual" "liberty" and of course "rights". But the rest has a parodic flavor, somewhere between Dr Seuss and Kafka. Kerner urged Lerner, who ordered Merner, who instructed Nerner, who delegated Perner to order Querner... Special Counsel for the Office of Special Counsel. = = = = = Literary footnote: I was thinking of the recursive loop "We supply watchwatchmen to watch watchmen you want watched." Tried to look it up, turns out to be Thurber, not Nash.
Labels: From rights to duties
Both President Trump and former President Obama are commonly said in America’s ‘news’ media to be or to have been “ceding Syria to Russia” or “ceding Syria to Russia and Iran,” or similar allegations. They imply that ‘we’ own (or have some right to control) Syria. That’s not only a lie; it is a very evil and harmful one, dangerously goading the US President to go even more...This is one of those constantly repeated flat assertions, treated as background information like gravity that doesn't need to be restated. In simple fact we can't 'cede' a country that wasn't ours to begin with. These accusations were common in two earlier circumstances, with the same warlike purpose. Around 1920 "investigators" were asking who lost Russia. Around 1950 "investigators" were asking who lost China. Again we couldn't lose something unless we owned it. Asking the question CREATES the unstated assumption of ownership. In all three eras the answer is the same, but the question first needs to be recast as a HOW instead of a WHO, and the assumption of ownership has to be stripped out. Better formulation: How did we turn Russia and China and Syria from friends to enemies? Broad answer: We turned them to enemies by DEFINING them as enemies. Specific answer: We turned them to enemies by attempting to change their regimes. The first two cases aren't familiar because we've wiped them from our history. From 1918 to 1920 we invaded and occupied Russia in an effort to help the Mensheviks. Result: Russians saw the Mensheviks as foreign invaders and favored the Bolsheviks. From 1946 to 1949 we tried to help Chiang's forces in China. Result: The Chinese saw Chiang as a foreign invader and favored Mao. Zuesse's idea clarifies these commonalities. Our attempt to change another country's regime is an ASSERTION OF OWNERSHIP. It's like walking into a stranger's house and replacing his furniture with your furniture, or removing his kids and replacing them with your kids. The stranger correctly believes you're trying to assert ownership, and rejects everything connected with your bizarre illegal behavior.
Labels: Answered better than asked
Horses were shown a picture of a happy facial expression or an angry facial expression on a screen, and they then heard a pre-recorded human voice -- praising or scolding -- from a speaker behind the screen. Horses received both the congruent condition, in which the emotional values of facial expression and voice tone were matched, and the incongruent condition, in which they were not. Results of the experiment showed that horses responded to voices 1.6 to 2.0 times faster in the incongruent condition than in the congruent condition regardless of familiarity of the person. In addition, the horses looked to the speaker 1.4 times longer in the incongruent condition than in the congruent condition when the person was familiar. These results suggest that horses integrate human facial expressions and voice tones to perceive human emotions, therefore an expectancy violation occurred when horses heard a human voice whose emotional value was not congruent with the human facial expression.Humans obviously need this ability for other humans, and horses obviously need refined detection for other horses. It's plausible that this ability within a species could have evolved. There was plenty of time and plenty of motivation. BUT 1: Human voices and emotional stress indicators are NOTHING like horse voices. Human faces are entirely different from horse faces, both in basic skull shape and in use of muscles to indicate emotion. BUT 2: Horses and humans have been working together for only 6000 years in a few places, and 1000 years in most places. Nowhere near enough time to "evolve" a special template for human voices and human face forms. THEREFORE: "Evolution" can't begin to explain this. Only a pre-existing broad system of communication, possibly electromagnetic between brains, with intelligent adjustment for the languages of unfamiliar species. In fairness, the broad system is not universal. Dogs, horses and cats have all been domestic with humans for a very long time. Dogs and humans understand each other well, including detection of tricks. Horses and humans have a similar level of understanding. But cats and humans have very little mutual comprehension. Both sides misread the other constantly.
Labels: Grand Blueprint
When asked whether he felt like he might get "tainted" by remaining in the Trump administration, Comey said that although there was potential for that, "I thought that was my duty." "The nature of the president actually increased my commitment to stay in my role and serve and protect the FBI and the American people," Comey said. "I knew it was going to be hard. I knew there were going to be all kinds of difficult situations, but I thought what a coward I would be to walk away from that when I'm supposed to be leading an organization that's, by spirit and culture, independent."In other words, the FBI's duty is crime and treason and mass murder. Ever since its founding 100 years ago, FBI's sole mission is to EXTERMINATE EXTERMINATE EXTERMINATE anyone who shows the slightest signs of sanity or normalcy or goodness, including Presidents who even PRETEND for a moment to be serving America. Only absolute infinite infinite infinite infinite evil is permitted. Satan is rarely shy. He always announces his purposes clearly and openly.
Moments after Angela Merkel received a 2-week ultimatum to resolve Germany's increasingly contentious refugee issue which could culminate with Merkel resignation, Donald Trump decided to capitalize on Merkel's misfortune, and in a tweet claimed that "the people of Germany are turning against their leadership as migration is rocking the already tenuous Berlin coalition. Crime in Germany is way up. Big mistake made all over Europe in allowing millions of people in who have so strongly and violently changed their culture!"Jesus. Fucking idiot. Now all Krauts will UNITE behind Merkel. This is why Putin is successful and Trump is a grotesque failure. In fact this is a long-lasting difference between Russian and American behavior. Russians (and sane adults everywhere) KNOW WHEN TO SHUT UP. When your enemy is falling apart ON THEIR OWN, you don't NEED to do or say anything. Just keep doing your duty, keep fulfilling your own purpose. Watch and enjoy the enemy's failure. Anything you say or do will give the enemy a reason to stick together. = = = = = Footnote: This entry is mainly a REMINDER to myself. I noticed some neocon asshole defending "rights" against duties with a pile of false arguments. I got all weeweed up in typical Web Mode and prepared to BLAST him as they say in clickbait. And then the sane adult took over. Do your duty, fulfill your purpose, let the idiots show their colors.
Until a few decades ago, fevers were thought to be an unavoidable but unpleasant side effect of illness. But modern research suggests that most fevers are actually integral to effective immune responses.I don't think the concept is new. Conventional wisdom has always seen a fever as the body's attempt to evict the pathogen by making the internal environment uncomfortable for the pathogen. The idea that you must relieve the fever is quite recent, and arguably driven by the pharmaceutical industry in cahoots with pill-pushing MDs. Here's the beautiful and elegant part:
The evolutionary importance of the fever was first examined by comparing fevers to other dangerous spikes in temperature. Writing in American Zoologist, physiologist Matthew Kluger notes that responses to increased body temperature are different when the cause is a fever compared to, say, exercising in the heat. When our body temperature rises in response to an infection, we take actions consistent with trying to warm up even more: shivering, huddling under blankets. When hyperthermic, we sweat, feel the urge to drink cool water, and make every effort to cool down. In other words, when we’re sick, our bodies try their best to be hot.Kluger is observing what REAL ORGANISMS do in response to heat from two separate causes. He grasps the variable of PURPOSE in our natural responses. We're not just a bimetal thermostat. The signal from our thermosensors is combined with some (not yet understood) sense input from the immune system. Heat + immune activity = goal of preserving heat. Heat + muscle activity = goal of shedding heat.
Labels: Constants and Variables
Most people in the United States and Canada do not realize that the Soviet Union has an effective social security system. Undoubtedly, this position is subconsciously based on the feeling that the small concern shown by the Soviet government for the rights of individuals extends to aged and disabled persons, who can no longer be productive. This would also seem to be in accordance with the Communist principle, "He who does not work, neither shall he eat." Actually, the USSR has a very broad social security system that bears many resemblances to such programs in other countries. The Soviet Constitution provides for social insurance protection. Individuals on this side of the Iron Curtain, after learning of the existence of the Soviet social security system, might well expect the benefits to be flat amounts in accordance with the Communist principle, "From each according to his ability; to each according to his need." However, benefits under the Soviet system vary with earnings. Still another misconception that might arise is that the entire economic security of the Soviet citizen is provided by governmental programs. Although this is true to a very considerable extent, rather surprisingly it is by no means completely the case.Savings accounts:
The Soviet Union has more than 50,000 savings banks. About 43 million people have accounts of an average size of 1,850 rubles. (=about 185 dollars at that time.) Interest is paid at the rate of 2% for short-term deposits and 3% for deposits of 1 year or more. Since there are no personal checking accounts in the Soviet Union, it would seem that most of the savings in these institutions are for short-term purposes.Life and accident insurance:
A single government-owned insurance company operates in most ways like insurance companies in other countries. This company sells not only life and accident insurance, but also casualty and fire insurance. Policies are sold and serviced by an agency force of about 40,000. Each agent has an exclusive geographic territory and is remunerated by commissions that vary from 6% to 20% depending on the type of insurance. The earnings of the agents appear to be relatively good, since they are about 50% higher than the average wage in industry and commerce. It appears that about 10 million persons are insured for life and accident, with the average life policy being about 5000 rubles. and the average "accident only" policy about 10,000 rubles. Considering the Soviet philosophy, the amount of individual insurance in force seems relatively large.Medical care:
Almost complete medical care is available for all persons in the Soviet Union under a system of government-operated clinics and hospitals with salaried doctors. The only direct costs to individuals are partial charges for inexpensive medicines and similar items. There is a small amount of private practice of medicine by salaried doctors during their off-duty hours. This is used primarily by higher paid patients to avoid long waits at the clinics for minor ailments.Here's a chart of the pension age system. Note the distinction between ordinary, hard, and dangerous work, and also note the special provision for mothers of large families. Women were expected to work, and child care was provided free. Overall this illustrates yet again the distinction between the Natural Law system of employment versus the Yankee system. The Natural Law system, which Yankees call "slavery", provides lifetime security in exchange for a restricted range of income. The Yankee system, which Yankees call "rights", makes no provision at all for security. If you are a New Yorker you get vast rewards. If not, you have the "right" to die and nobody will give a fuck. = = = = = Footnote: While I was looking up other sources to be sure Myers was right, I repeatedly noticed that the old structures are still there. The state insurance company Gosstrakh is still running, and the pension system and medical system haven't changed much. In other words, Russia has preserved the GOOD PARTS of the Soviet system while releasing total state control. In my previous discussion, I saw that the Soviet system was in fact capitalist and profit-based. The most successful parts of modern Russia, like Rosneft and Rosatom, are still mostly state-owned and capitalist and profit-based. CONCLUSION: State-owned and state-planned profit-based capitalism WORKS BETTER than our current share value system. Central planning vs "free" planning is no longer a variable. Our corporations are centrally planned by a few oligarchs (Bezos, Zuckerberg, Buffett, Bloomberg) so we can't claim "the invisible hand". There are only a few perfectly visible and perfectly bloody hands. It shouldn't be surprising that central planning by government to serve the nation works better than central planning to serve a few psychotic alien lunatic monstrous genocidal demons.
Spain’s new center-left government unveiled a series of measures Friday to “put people's rights first” in migration policies, AP reported. The new cabinet took the first steps toward extending public health care to foreigners without residence permits, Education Minister Isabel Celaa said, adding that the government would have a decree ready in six weeks. The government also planned to assess how to remove – “without losing any security” – the barbed wire capping the border fences of Ceuta and Melilla, the two Spanish enclaves in North Africa.Rajoy had been cautiously pro-Spain and pro-God. Sanchez is reversing the field AND MORE. This deserves more than my usual purple area on the map of Sorosia. Spain IS Satan.
In the field of treating traumatic memories there has been a long-debated question of whether fear attenuation involves the suppression of the original memory trace of fear by a new memory trace of safety or the rewriting of the original fear trace towards safety. Part of the debate has to do with the fact that we still don't understand exactly how neurons store memories in general. Although they don't exclude suppression, the findings from this study show for the first time the importance of rewriting in treating traumatic memories. Using a fear-training exercise that produces long-lasting traumatic memories, the scientists first identified the subpopulation of neurons in the dentate gyrus that are involved in storing long-term traumatic memories. The mice then underwent fear-reducing training, which resembles exposure-based therapy in humans -- the most efficient form of trauma therapy in humans today. Surprisingly, when the researchers looked again into the brain of the mice, some of the neurons active at recalling the traumatic memories were still active when the animals no longer showed fear. Importantly, the less the mice were scared, the more cells became reactivated.In other words, re-conditioning a memory away from panic doesn't mean getting rid of the memory. It means drowning out the panic waves with new comfort waves, which must be more intense than the original panic waves. The conditioning specifically affects one area in the dentate gyrus:
Finally, when the researchers enhanced the excitability of these recall neurons during the therapeutic intervention, they found that the mice showed improved fear reduction. Thus, they concluded that attenuating remote fear memories depends on the continued activity of the neurons they identified in the dentate gyrus.= = = = = The hippocampus is the 'hemstitch' at the bottom edge of the temporal lobe, seen here: This picture is dominated by the light blue arch of the fornix, which crosslinks the hippocampus into other parts of the cortex. A closeup of the connection point where the fornix merges into the hippocampus shows that the dentate gyrus is a crucial 'modulator' for the connection. So it's not surprising to find the dentate gyrus controlling associations, but the swamping or drowning-out effect is new and meaningful. It shows why one form of therapy works, and SHOULD cause "social" "scientists" to refine the effective therapy and abandon other forms of therapy. It won't, of course.
Polistra was named after the original townsite of Manhattan (the one in Kansas). When I was growing up in Manhattan, I spent a lot of time exploring by foot, bike, and car. I discovered the ruins of an old mill along Wildcat Creek, and decided (inaccurately) that it was the remains of the original site of Polistra. Accurate or not, I've always liked the name, with its echoes of Poland (an under-appreciated friend of freedom) and stars. ==== The title icon is explained here. ==== Switchover: This 2007 entry marks a sharp change in worldview from neocon to pure populist. ===== The long illustrated story of Polistra's Dream is a time-travel fable, attempting to answer the dangerous revision of New Deal history propagated by Amity Shlaes. The Dream has 8 episodes, linked in a chain from the first. This entry explains the Shlaes connection.