Fractal bananaZH correctly mocks the latest idiocy in the world of "art" where name and provenance are EXACTLY EVERYTHING. An "artist" who apparently has a "name" has sold a plain old banana ductaped to a wall for $120,000.
ZH missed a parallel, which may not be a national phenomenon. In the local grocery stores buying one banana is the standard way for food-stamp customers to get cash for drugs. They slap down the banana, insert the EBT card in the scanner, and ask for $50 extra. Apparently it's illegal to just treat the EBT card as an ATM card; you have to buy something that counts as food. Real food is unnecessary for a methie, so the transaction is shaped for minimum nutrition and maximum cashback.
So the banana as physical icon for totally wasted money is fractally valid at all scales.
Speaking of monsters who get paid and recognized:"Expert" Krugman is paid millions and gets Nobel Prizes....
OK, this is extremely weird. I received an email saying that a payment has been received into my blockchain wallet. But I don't have a blockchain wallet. Presumably there's some kind of fraud going on, but what?
... and he can't recognize an ECONOMIC fraud.
Some of the commenters are blaming Krugman's age (OK Boomer and all that) but they're wrong.
This is the oldest setup in the world. And this instance actually reverts BY NAME to the oldest version of the oldest setup, the wallet drop.
TV and radio used to warn us about scams and frauds. Even among the scattered remnants of old TV and radio shows, I can immediately cite two examples: This is your FBI, 1945 and Racket Squad, 1951.
Modern versions are better known as the Nigerian Prince. The rig is always the same. You stumble onto a potential "windfall", then you pay to get access to the "windfall", then the "windfall" disappears after you pay.
Krugman doesn't recognize any of this. Why the fuck should we recognize him?
What's the fucking purpose of an economics expert if he KNOWS LESS THAN WE DO ABOUT ECONOMICS?
= = = = =
As long as I'm citing old radio, It Pays to be Ignorant was an explicit parody of "experts" who know less than we do. It was modeled on Info Please, which had a panel of arrogant condescending NYC "experts" like Krugman. Ignorant had three intentional idiots who found an infinite number of ways to miss the point.
How many lakes are in the five Great Lakes?
Which wild animal is on the buffalo nickel?
What liquid is contained in a fountain pen?
When is a June Bride married?
And the best of all:
Can you name the people who star in the radio program It Pays to be Ignorant?
The "experts" were expert comedians. Their obtuse struggles with self-evident facts were genuinely funny. It's not so funny when an obtuse idiot advises governments and corporations.
Reviewing yesterday's thought that labor unions were banks for human capital. They improved skills through training and experience (interest); they protected skills from low-priced competition and theft (vaults); and they made sure the skills were employed to create real value (investment).
The Soviet system continued this respect for human capital long after it was lost in the Soros world. Free training that emphasized skills;no offshoring of industries; and patents that recognized innovation instead of killing it.
= = = = =
I got into a grumpy mood today, comparing things that I shouldn't try to compare. I can't really complain; my creative work is recognized in a small way and paid in a small way. Not entirely futile. The work itself is tremendously satisfying.
Still, it's annoying to see what gets MASSIVELY recognized and paid. Pure destruction. Raw sin and crime. Killing and torturing millions of people. Obliterating the universe by making black holes. Using science to serve bankers and intel agencies.
And specifically on this topic, the Github Syndrome.Constant changes in technology, always expanding the required universe of compatibility. Each increase in global compatibility knocks out huge pieces of skill. It's not just a question of changing a presentation to fit the new tech; some forms of presentation that were possible in the Windows universe are IMPOSSIBLE in the HTML/SVG/CSS universe. Even if you can make it work for one combination of browsers and iPhones, it won't work for some other.
Just as globalized language grinds off all fine points of metaphor and idiom, globalized tech grinds off the fine points of interactive presentation.
Big question: If labor unions had survived into the era of software, would they have improved things? Would a union manage to slow down the Githubbers?
Speaking arcs in action
Old pre-1900 tech books made vague references to 'speaking arcs'. Before loudspeakers, experimenters were able to use arc lights as sound emitters. In the same way that lightning produces thunder, changing the strength of ionization created a compression wave around the arc. Supposedly a German train station used a 'speaking arc' for a PA system to announce arrivals and departures.
Here's a specific non-vague example, from a modern history of radio in the Seattle area.
A "musical trolley car" on the Seattle-Tacoma interurban line, about 1915. Experimenter Paul Hackett, working in Kent Valley with an arc transmitter and powerful microphone, discovered his signals were modulating the nearby trolley line's power system. Arc lamps on the cars acted like receivers and reproduced Hackett's music and voice transmissions, to the delight of riders.
One of the tests was also picked up by an electric heater in the home of a woman who happened to
know Hackett. Recognizing his voice, the startled lady was sure the inventor was hiding under her bed.
Bear in mind that Morse was common in 1915, but voice transmissions were unfamiliar until about 1922.
Electric heaters would have been effective speakers for wired radio, with a resistive coil focused in a parabolic reflector. Magnetostriction.
Note also the Seattle to Tacoma interurban line. Interurbans connected everything, and often ran at 70 MPH. There is a modern light rail system from Seattle to the SeaTac airport, but it's not going to reach Tacoma again until 2030.
One area where skill DOESN'T matter.
The TSLAQ folks who are actually present at the Elon vs Unsworth trial are pretty sure that Elon will win. They believe Unsworth's lawyer is incompetent.
This seems to be a long-lasting and general observation. I've had two direct contacts with lawyers and three 'observations' during jury calls. I was strongly UNimpressed with the performance of every lawyer. None of them had any skills, and some weren't even literate.
The first lawyer, hired by parents in 1969 for my marijuana charge, was supposedly topnotch and well-connected. He was a direct descendant of the Shad Hanna dynasty that ruled Ohio for decades. He didn't know what he was doing. In the most recent jury call, the Saudi defendant was rich and could hire the best lawyer. His lawyer didn't know what he was doing, and the prosecutor wasn't any better. The case was full of ambiguities. I might have acquitted if the defense lawyer hadn't insulted our intelligence at every turn.
I suspect the real variable has nothing to do with the courtroom skills of lawyers, because "law" doesn't exist. Blackmail exists. Elon is going to win because he is Satan. He has no moral code or limitations at all, and he has strong connections to Mossad and USA Deepstate. He used nasty fixers and "investigators" to ruin Unsworth, and probably subverted Unsworth's lawyer as well. Elon operates outside of all "laws" and regulations. All bureaucrats and officials know that he has the goods on them.
In short, lawyers don't matter because "law" doesn't matter.
The imperceptible Insatiable
I've described a classic Insatiable response to Deplorables...
Other people enjoy discussing my faults in my presence, knowing that the bottom-status item will not fight. One of them realized I was listening. He gave me the standard imperceptible headshake with hooded eyes and pursed lips, meaning "You are shit".
... but I've never tried to catch a video example of the gesture. Now somebody has caught it in an interaction of Kamala and Tulsi. Kamala is unquestionably Insatiable. Tulsi isn't Deplorable in the broad picture, but she's clearly Deplorable as seen by Kamala.
One of the commenters uses almost the same words:
Next time someone embarrasses me with a valid, fact-filled argument for which I have zero retort, I’ll smirk, disapprovingly shake my head, and pretend to scribble on a notepad
The most important thing about unions
Soros-sponsored TAC has a pretty good article on the importance of unions as a counterforce to robber barons.
The author makes the same point I made a few months ago about the three ages:
= = = = = START REPRINT:
Between the two Gilded Ages we had the Union Age, 1933 to 1979. Predatory corporations existed, but they were CONSTRAINED by hardass Fed regulators AND by hardass unions. They knew exactly how far they could grow, and they didn't try to go beyond the limits. They were forced to operate on PROFIT and DIVIDENDS instead of share value, which means they were forced to have EMPLOYEES and PRODUCTS.
I've covered that territory too often.
During a Gilded Age, robber barons have names. Everyone can list several robber barons. During the Union Age, there weren't any named or famed robber barons. In fact the most famous leaders were union leaders.
Gilded Age 1 = Carnegie, Vanderbilt, Morgan, Mellon, Stanford.
Union Age = Jimmy Hoffa, James Petrillo, Walter Reuther.
Gilded Age 2 = Gates, Bezos, Zuckerberg, Jobs, Musk.
= = = = = END REPRINT.
I wrote a comment on the article appreciating the main focus and adding the most important aspect of unions: SKILL aka HUMAN CAPITAL.
Humans are meant to be useful. Specifically, men are meant to MAKE THINGS. Unions were organizations of makers, and they did everything necessary to preserve the GOD-ASSIGNED DUTY of their members.
In writing the comment I also caught something that I hadn't thought of before. I've said before that unions amassed and protected human capital by training and improving the skills of their members.
I hadn't noticed before that unions protected their human capital from cheap knockoffs and foreign competition. When unions were in charge of a workplace, they had strict rules forbidding non-union workers from doing jobs that were part of the union's skill capital. These rules often seemed silly, but they were the most important part of the union's task.
The analogy between money capital and human capital was complete. Unions treated human capital the same way banks treated money capital. Savings earned interest (experience and training); savings were guarded against theft; savings were employed to create more value.
In the '70s unions lost the human capital aspect and focused solely on wages, which really meant the wealth of the union leaders. They were perfectly willing to destroy entire categories of skills to maintain the wealth of the leaders.
Unions lost their DUTY and deserved to fail.
As I peruse old car mags while eating, I've been halfway watching for previous examples of Elon's idiot CYBRTRK. Nobody could have done something so stupid, even as a concept car.
But there is a predecessor. It wasn't a car or even an actual concept car. It was a concept of a concept car.
The '49 Ford had this emblem on the decorative chrome strip above the doorhandles. The strip was unnecessary and the emblem was even more unnecessary. It added another rattle to an already rattly car. It's not clear what the designers were trying to do. If they were stirring up anticipation for Ford's next product, it couldn't have worked. Nobody wanted to ride in this grotesque thing.
Ford made a few concept cars in the mid-50s, but none remotely resembled this thing. Why would anyone want a car with a gable roof? Houses have gable roofs.
In fact the CYBRTRK drawing was actually LESS modern and LESS trend-setting than the Ford itself. Most writers agree that the '49 was the main influence for the straight-through design of the next two decades. A few cars got there slightly earlier; Packard and Hudson and Kaiser had the flow in '48. But Ford did it right, with fenders above the hood and trunk, and taillights at the same height as the headlights. Ford's actual next product in '52 was even cleaner and sharper. Chrysler followed the trend in '53, then GM in '54.
I was thinking about citing earlier examples, but one of the excellent writers at CurbsideClassic did the whole job just now, starting in the '20s.
[The '50 Rambler seemed to follow the '49 Ford directly, almost a copy... but in fact the Ford was copied from Nash. George Walker had designed the Rambler, then moved to Ford and brought the idea with him. Ford was able to tool up and switch faster. Unethical but not illegal.]
¶ 5:29 AM
Monday, December 02, 2019
Meanwhile, in the sane part of the world, Russia and China just turned on the first natural gas pipeline from Siberia to China.
We're tangled up in endless meaningless "court" proceedings and "environmental" proceedings that delay the start of every project by 30 years, effectively canceling every project before it starts.
Russia and China are GETTING SHIT DONE, linking the Eastern Hemisphere with pipes and roads and railroads, factoring out the Western Hemisphere and Ctrl-Zing Columbus.
Irrelevant: The ceremony in the video strikes me as historically confused and anticlimactic, with old-fashioned voice commands and permissions driving a mouse click. Since the commands were obviously staged, they should have staged real hands opening a real valve.
Later: Oddly, RT got this story wrong in a way that underrates Russian capability and skill. Rick Sanchez and two correspondents all stated clearly that the public event marked the start of construction, not the end. They were discussing the potential benefits when the project is eventually done. This made me doubt the Russia Insight video, but many other sources including US media agree that the pipeline is now finished and running.
Another stage propMore misuse of tariffs by Trump, supposedly to punish other countries but actually to punish America.
Now he's threatening to impose tariffs on steel from Argentina and Brazil, who are supposedly using currency rates to undercut American farmers. Nonsense.
We constantly export twice as much as we import with Argentina.
Ditto for Brazil.Our
ag imports from Argentina are almost entirely tropical fruits that we can't produce here. This is already the CORRECT form of trade by good populist standards.
Our ag imports from Brazil are mainly coffee. Again a crop we can't produce here.
Argentina and Brazil are NOT competing in any way with American farmers. They may be competing with American steel producers, but the reason we lost our steel producers was EPA rules, not foreign competition. If we hadn't closed down metals and mining in the '70s, there wouldn't have been an opening for sane countries with sane regulations to expand their industries.
So what's the purpose? Trump isn't hurting China, which will continue trading with both countries. He may slightly bother the steel industry in Brazil and Argentina, but they are already moving their focus eastward. This threat will strengthen their connections to the Silk Road, which will hurt our EXPORTS more than our imports.
Mainly Trump is just building another stage prop that he can move around to manipulate the Dow and the Fed. His tweet explicitly aims the action at the Fed.
And who loses from infinite Dow and zero interest? Americans. The same Americans (including me) who foolishly and stupidly voted for this vile faker.
+Gold = -SorosVia ZH, Serbia and Slovakia are joining the movement to bring back their own gold from British storage, and to buy more gold.
ZH attributes the rush to a remembered fear from WW2, when Krauts were grabbing everyone's gold. There's a much more recent example: Venezuela. When it asked the Bank of England for permission to take its own gold back, BOE said no.
Admittedly Venezuela is a mixed-up case. (1) The gold may have been pawned instead of stored. The stories aren't clear. (2) Venezuela has plenty of gold in the ground, which it could be mining for great profit if Maduro wasn't so fucking stupid.
I don't know why any sane country would let BOE store its gold in the first place. There must have been a reason, but it was a bad reason. If you want to talk about historical betrayal, England is the champion.
The map of gold-buying countries is pretty damn close to the map of non-Soros countries, ie sane countries.
India and China are special cases. Both have always been fans of gold, regardless of political changes. China is running up huge debts like a Sorosian country, and simultaneously buying gold like a non-Sorosian.
Hard to find analogiesCatch and release is a peculiar tactic when you think about it.
The courts and the cops are two parts of the same system. They derive their funding from the same tax revenue, and nominally respond to the same legislature.
The courts INTENTIONALLY release criminals who LEGALLY should be kept in jail, and the cops then have to RISK THEIR LIVES 80% of the time to repeatedly arrest the same few professional criminals who will then be released in an hour to create more havoc.
I can't think of any other system that dysfunctions this way.
Try some examples:
1. Chevy repairmen have to spend 80% of their time sending the same few engines back to the GM factory, which then returns the engines immediately, untouched, with a "fully rebuilt" tag.
2. Hairstylists have to spend 80% of their time on the same three women, who report to the Hairstylists Union immediately to have their hair misstyled by the Hairstylists Union so the regular stylists can redo the same cut.
3. Programmers have to spend 80% of their time debugging the same program over and over, because the beta testers working for the same company undo each bugfix immediately after they receive it for testing.
These examples are bizarre nonsense.
In each job there are real repeat offenders: Unfixable engines, stubbornly unbeautifiable women, bugs that pop up over and over. But the real repeats are NOT created by saboteurs within the same company. In these normal situations the parts of one company cooperate to solve or eliminate the problem. Melt down the unfixable engines, politely dissuade the unstylable women, discard the bad programs and start over with fresh code.
Is this a change? Maybe.
Deutsche Welle, normally solid Soros, seems to be wavering just a bit, and one Kraut judge is also wavering just a bit.
DW has an article, categorized as News not Opinion, which acknowledges a big part of the problem:
Thousands of migrants in Germany have applied for asylum multiple times and return to the country after having been deported, according to a report by German newspaper Die Welt am Sonntag published on Sunday.
There are nearly 5,000 asylum-seekers who have reapplied for asylum after being deported from Germany since 2012, according to the report, which cites official government figures. Some of the asylum-seekers willingly left Germany, knowing deportation was imminent. The then returned to German to make another application for asylum, according to the report.
Asylum seekers who have been deported and have entry bans are jailed for a few months for re-entering the country, according to the report. Arrests and longer sentences are rare.
Catch and release is a HUGE problem in USA STRONG as well, and not just in immigration. It's an even bigger problem with ordinary criminals. The police are trying to do their job, but the "courts" are smashing civilization and overburdening the cops with 5000-time PROFESSIONAL CRIMINALS who commit the same crime several times a day, except for occasional hour-long coffee breaks behind bars.
Normal people, not just ULTRA ULTRA ULTRA ULTRA FAR FAR FAR FAR RIGHT KKKTRUMPHITLERHITLER EXTREMISTHITLER WHITEHITLER NATIONALISTHITLER TERRORISTHITLERS, see this in their daily lives and know it's a problem, but the media and dysgovernment NEVER EVEN ACKNOWLEDGE the problem. Anyone who ACCURATELY OBSERVES the problem is jailed solidly and permanently, not for an hour.
Now the premier Soros Satan of EU media has said the same thing that the ULTRA TERRORISTHITLERS have been saying for years.
= = = = =
A Kraut judge has also acknowledged the truth of reality, though in a peculiar and abstract way.
A German judge ruled that an election campaign poster reading "Migration kills!" was a partly accurate description of reality and does not incite racial hatred.
The campaign poster was used ahead of the European parliamentary elections earlier in 2019. In full, it reads: "Stop the invasion: Migration kills!"
Judge Andreas Hofer, who made the decision, cited "historical movements of people" from 5,000 years ago to the present day that directly led to "death and ruin," including the expulsion of the Israelites from Egypt and the colonization of the Americas. On that basis, he said that the poster "at least partly reflected reality."
Huh? He's missing the point entirely. It's true that every movement of people involves trouble and conflict and deaths, but each migration has a different PURPOSE. The current migration in Europe is neither ordinary colonialism nor an expulsion. It's an intentional invasion of migrants sponsored and inspired by Soros. The migrants themselves are not the problem. Soros is the problem, and the EU/US/UK dysgovernments who work in tandem with Soros to SLAUGHTER their own Deplorables.
Are we seeing a minor signal of shifting elite opinion? Hard to tell.
Ed misses a point, sort ofEd Niedermeyer, as always, gives a deep and coherent set of thoughts....We still have a collective memory of a time when cars were created by go-with-your-gut auteurs like Musk, in the form of classic cars that make modern cars and automakers look banal and bureaucratic. What Musk is selling is the fantasy that we can (or should) return to that era.
I think he's missing a subtle but important point.
The 'auteurs' who succeeded were working for big companies that already had many lines of profitable non-fantastic cars. The Corvette and Mustang were irrational cars built from a base of sturdy reliable economy cars. The original Corvette was mostly '53 Chevy, down to the 235 six and Powerglide. The original Mustang was a fancified Falcon. Development was relatively easy because there wasn't much new. Most of the package had been produced and tested in huge quantities for many years.
The auteurs who were more like Elon (in a corporate sense) went the other way, toward too much rationality. The Everyman's Car was the universal auteur fantasy. It always failed because Everyman's Car is a used car. You can't make a real car cheap enough for Everyman to buy new.
Elon is going both ways. His explicit appeal is strictly numerical and precise because his intended audience is autists, not auteurs. His cultists are thrilled by the performance numbers and carbon footprint numbers. Even the CYBERTRK appeals strictly to numberoids. It's not an organic shape like real cars; it's an abstract Euclidean heptagon. It's beautiful to Plato, not to Aristotle.
¶ 3:40 PM
Not too swift
Modular banking mode again....
On Friday six European countries issued a bombshell joint statement declaring their intent to join INSTEX, or the Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges, a European special-purpose vehicle serving as a 'SWIFT alternative' to bypass US sanctions on Iran.
Finland, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden released a joint statement asserting it's of "the utmost importance to the preservation and full implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) on Iran’s nuclear program by all parties involved."
"In light of the continuous European support for the agreement and the ongoing efforts to implement the economic part of it and to facilitate legitimate trade between Europe and Iran, we are now in the process of becoming shareholders of the Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges (Instex) subject to completion of national procedures," the statement reads.
France, Germany and Britain are already part of INSTEX, so it's now most of Europe.
At the moment there are several separate alternatives to the globalist SWIFT, each serving a distinct but somewhat overlapping set of countries. This is a much better counterforce than Bitcoin, because the PURPOSE of these separate alternatives is to BE SEPARATE, not to serve the interests of NSA.
Real business is BILATERAL and MODULAR. Overlapping modularity makes it harder for USA STRONG to play the sanctions game. When everyone was solely linked through SWIFT, we could kill one country's economy with a single flip of the blockade switch. With separate and overlapping small arrangements, nobody is totally vulnerable. We can try to block one of the networks, but each member of that network can now shift its transactions to other networks.
The best part of this particular network is that it breaks the power of the Saudi/Israel mob. Our war on Persia is fought under contract to Saudi and Israel. Our war is growing more futile as our control levers are wilting and melting in our hands.
¶ 2:10 PM
Observations from real experts
Continuing this week's modularity theme....
Some observations on bitcoin from an econ blogger who has contact with real bankers. The bankers are telling him:
1 bearer style assets are user hostile and wont catch on
2 conflating settlement and payments is bad news
3 final settlement not required for payments
4 hard to financialize something which resists regulation
= = = = =
1 and 4 are sort of conditional. It's possible though unlikely that bitcoin will become more user-friendly. Bitcoin resists regulation because bitcoin is NSA, not because bitcoin is "decentralized". NSA wants to avoid the usual written regulations so it can use bitcoin for tyranny and blackmail.
2 and 3 are intrinsic to the whole process of banking and business. These are not usually discussed in the context of bitcoin, and I hadn't thought about them before.
Bitcoin is incurably and intractably GLOBAL. Every transaction requires automatic settlement, and nominal permission, by everyone on the whole chain.
Real banking, like all real business, is always modular and bilateral, a single wire connecting buyer and seller in a trust relationship. The buyer who writes a check trusts that the bank will sooner or later transfer funds to the seller's account, and the seller trusts the bank to give him the money. Neither party needs to know how and when the bank handles the intermediate steps of the transfer.
In earlier centuries, and even now in unconventional banking like scrip and hawala, the settlement happened rarely and bilaterally. Each bank was fully modular. Each bank maintained a pile of real money through its normal savings and loan activities with its own customers. Each bank would keep a ledger page of its credits and debits to each of the other banks. Once a year, Bank 1 and Bank 2 would transfer their net result in gold to null out the differential. Bank 1 and Bank 3 would transfer their pairwise net result, and so on. In an active system those net differences tend to be small because there are lots of checks going both ways between each pair of banks. Each bank's customers didn't know about the transfers and didn't need to know.
When the 10th Amendment was realReviewing Graybill's Law:The people of Free-Trade countries are therefore driven into the few occupations which are left, by reason of the destruction of their formerly more varied pursuits. Hence those diversified talents with which men are endowed are not developed but remain latent and unused, an incalculable detriment to the prosperity of their respective countries.
Graybill works the same way at ALL SCALES, from cells to worlds.
I've previously discussed how modularity in a city helped develop and maintain the skills of black people. When all ethnic groups have to compete in the same global market, only a few skills are favored.
In the realm of radio, I've discussed how distinct local stations developed and maintained the talents of local musicians and actors, who couldn't possibly make it in Hollywood.
Here's an example of modularity helping to develop engineering skills.
Globalism requires each module to know what the others are doing. Modularity frees up each entity to perform its duty with full attention. But Nature sometimes forces globalist knowledge into a localist situation. Do you surrender to globalism and break all the boundaries? Do you let the biggest and nastiest element have a total monopoly?
No, you don't have to surrender. Federal radio regulators in the '30s were devoted to maintaining localism and balancing big vs small, despite the physical limits imposed by the ether. There were only about 100 bandwidth channels in the broadcast band, which meant that many stations had to be assigned to each frequency. Low-power stations could be safely assigned to the same freq without interference, but higher-power stations posed a problem. One solution was time-sharing. There were dozens of sharing arrangements, some of which lasted into the 2000s.
One such arrangement linked KFAB in Lincoln and WBBM in Chicago.
From a modern book about the history of radio in Nebraska.
Having to leave the air during prime network programming in the evening hours was a problem that needed to be solved. A break came at the end of 1931 when KOIL 1260 dropped CBS and snatched the more popular NBC Blue from KFAB. It turned out to be a fortuitous move for KFAB.
KFAB engineers and management realized that with CBS, programming during the restricted 7:30 to
10 p.m. hours would match that of WBBM, the Chicago CBS affiliate with which KFAB shares time.
KFAB conceivably could remain on the air during the evening hours, but only if the audio and the radio frequencies of the two stations could be perfectly matched. Any slight variations between the two stations on the air at the same time would create annoying interference for listeners in areas where the signals overlap.
WBBM and CBS were on board with the idea. KFAB took over the less popular CBS network on
January 8, 1932, and CBS engineers went to work to find a way to get the nighttime signals and audio of the two stations synchronized.
Synchronization was necessary because, in an area where the two station’s coverage overlaps, the two signals beat against each other producing an audible note that’s equal to the difference in the signal frequencies. That note can range from a low growl to a high tone. The greater the frequency difference, the higher the note. If the signal frequencies are within a cycle of each other, the note is too low to be audible.
Also to be synchronized was the program feed. It takes 26 milliseconds for the network audio to
travel from Chicago over phone lines to Lincoln. This difference would be heard in the overlap area as an annoying echo.
The frequency problem was solved with a dedicated phone line that carried a tone, its variations being commands that would adjust the two transmitter frequencies together, but the audio delay was a harder problem. With CBS and WBBM footing the bill, engineers worked on a way to create a 26-millisecond delay at the Chicago transmitter in order to match the audio arriving 26 milliseconds later at the Lincoln transmitter.
For several months while the electronic delay system was being perfected and constructed, a relatively primitive non-electrical delay was developed. It used a 23-foot pipe with a speaker at one end and a microphone at the other. The distance the sound traveled through the pipe created the delay. The audio output of the acoustical delay was a bit narrow but acceptable for the time being and was used successfully for about nine months. The electronic audio delay when completed consisted of a lengthy series of filter circuits, equalizers, and fourteen amplifiers.
Those engineers were having fun. The FEDERAL REQUIREMENT OF LOCALISM gave them a reason to develop a unique solution, transferring KNOWLEDGE between the modules through a singular dedicated channel, without turning all variables into top-down global variables. Note especially that WBBM, the bigger station in the bigger city, paid for the work and compromised its own signal to let KFAB gain profit.
Now KFAB's loyal listeners could leave the dial on 770 during the important prime-time hours, and receive CBS with a strong local signal.
Speaking of weapons and tools... ZH focuses on the HERO who stopped the latest "terrorist" attack by grabbing the nearest effective weapon and using it. The nearest effective weapon was a five-foot narwhal tusk displayed on the wall of a fish market. Another HERO grabbed a fire extinguisher and used it effectively.
Those are the dudes who should be running the police and army. Innate defenders who respond to an emergency with instant rationality and imagination.
Will UK give them knighthoods and hire them to manage the police? No. We know what UK will do. UK will imprison the HEROES for "hate crimes", and will continue to leave "terrorists" free to commit more crimes, as this one was. (He had been "arrested" and released with an electronic monitor, which clearly wasn't being monitored.)
That's the PURPOSE of "terrorism". That's why Sorosian dysgovernments fund and organize "terrorists". Keep the public in maximum fear and chaos, punish and exterminate self-defense in all forms.
REMEMBER: Soros's holocaust has already matched his role model Adolf's record, even without counting the millions of war casualties. And he's not stopping. Insatiable psychopaths never stop.
Polistra was named after the original townsite of Manhattan (the one in Kansas). When I was growing up in Manhattan, I spent a lot of time exploring by foot, bike, and car. I discovered the ruins of an old mill along Wildcat Creek, and decided (inaccurately) that it was the remains of the original site of Polistra. Accurate or not, I've always liked the name, with its echoes of Poland (an under-appreciated friend of freedom) and stars. ==== The title icon is explained here. ==== Switchover: This 2007 entry marks a sharp change in worldview from neocon to pure populist. ===== The long illustrated story of Polistra's Dream is a time-travel fable, attempting to answer the dangerous revision of New Deal history propagated by Amity Shlaes. The Dream has 8 episodes, linked in a chain from the first. This entry explains the Shlaes connection.