You can see from figure 6 that the code words used in Morse code don't possess the prefix property: the code word for 'A', for example, is a prefix of the code word for 'J', and for 'L' (and others). This leads to some interesting questions for you to ponder: In transmitting Morse code messages, telegraph operators left a time gap between letters (and a longer gap between words). Why do you think they did this?Well, okay ... but the gap between letters is NOT just something you do because it's convenient. It's PART OF THE CODE. There are standard lengths for the inter-pulse interval, the inter-letter interval, and the inter-word interval. When representing Morse in computer form, each of these intervals requires a distinct symbol. When the program hits the IPI or ILI symbol, it adds a one-beat pause or a three-beat pause to the sound it's outputting. These actions are on the same level as dots (one-beat beep) and dashes (three-beat beep). Result: No prefix problem at all, because each element always has a determinate POSTFIX. Because the author didn't have Morse in her muscles, she didn't know what was missing in her understanding. = = = = = Another code-like example in today's "science" news about the whistled version of Turkish. Though this is actually an old subject that has been studied before, it's getting studied again with the help of MRI. Unsurprising result: whistled languages require both the language and music sides of the brain. What's missing? I wanted to know if the whistling was arbitrary or a direct output of the formants in the vowels. The writeup doesn't tell us, because the writer didn't know it was missing. The author clearly wasn't familiar with linguistics. = = = = = Third example: It's clear that Wash state Destroyer of Natural Resources (DNR) has completely failed. Last year they were actually PREVENTING farmers and citizens from fighting fire on their own property. This year DNR didn't fight FOR the fire, but obviously botched the response on the big fires. (Smaller fires are still being handled well, which indicates that the equipment and personnel are not the problem.) Now, after several deaths, idiot governor Inslee is finally taking things out of DNR's hands and calling in the National Guard. What's the problem? Not visible from anything you could look up on Google. Clearly visible to everyone who lived in Spokane in 2008. Mary Verner was mayor in 2008. She completely failed when the Supersnow hit, and FAILED IN A FIRE as well. The governor (at that time the highly competent Gregoire) had to fly in and take over in both situations. Now Verner is head of DNR's wildfire response. Failing in an emergency just as she did before. = = = = = Every discipline and every human action, all the way down to turning a doorknob or putting on a shoe, has these undescribed depths. Because these deep points are contained in muscle memory or intuition, experts rarely discuss them in public. They don't get expressed in a format where search engines can find them. Google can't tell you what's missing. = = = = = Of course none of this will slow down the Tech Tyrants. They are psychopaths. Sharks. Keep moving forward, eat all obstacles. When the Negative Externalities start to get smelly, Tech Tyrants will simply process the Negative Externalities into 3D-printed Soylent and keep moving forward forward forward. = = = = = = = = = = = = Footnote for clarity: I'm not blaming Verner for the failure. Steering a bureaucracy through an emergency is a rare talent. You don't know who will succeed until the emergency actually happens. She tried in 2008, but she didn't have the special talent. Not her fault. I am specifically blaming Inslee for appointing Verner to an EMERGENCY-HANDLING job after her lack of EMERGENCY-HANDLING talent was ALREADY KNOWN.
Polistra was named after the original townsite of Manhattan (the one in Kansas). When I was growing up in Manhattan, I spent a lot of time exploring by foot, bike, and car. I discovered the ruins of an old mill along Wildcat Creek, and decided (inaccurately) that it was the remains of the original site of Polistra. Accurate or not, I've always liked the name, with its echoes of Poland (an under-appreciated friend of freedom) and stars. ==== The title icon is explained here. ==== Switchover: This 2007 entry marks a sharp change in worldview from neocon to pure populist. ===== The long illustrated story of Polistra's Dream is a time-travel fable, attempting to answer the dangerous revision of New Deal history propagated by Amity Shlaes. The Dream has 8 episodes, linked in a chain from the first. This entry explains the Shlaes connection.