In the Portuguese colony Dom Pedro I (also Pedro IV of Portugal), son of the Portuguese king Dom João VI, proclaimed the country's independence in 1822 and became Brazil's first Emperor. This was generally peacefully accepted by the crown in Portugal, although some guerrillas were fought between Portuguese troops and civilians. Portugal recognized Brazil's independence 3 years later upon compensation.Independence without a revolution. Smooth analog gliding departure. After independence, the other parts of South America were fighting for their independence from Spain, and several of those fights spilled over into Brazilian territory. Brazil pushed them back. In later years a number of attempted rebellions and secessions were also pushed back. But the main variable held true. Brazil never STARTED these wars. Brazil has participated commercially in the big crazy wars of the North. When Japan closed off our sources of tropical stuff from Indonesia, Brazil stepped up to supply the stuff at a nice profit. Brazil's soldiers fought briefly on the Italian front in WW2. Not pacifist by any means; always ready to fight when forced; but never starting the fight. By contrast, USA STRONG has been starting wars most of the time. Only FDR acted like Brazil.
Labels: Constants and Variables
Polistra was named after the original townsite of Manhattan (the one in Kansas). When I was growing up in Manhattan, I spent a lot of time exploring by foot, bike, and car. I discovered the ruins of an old mill along Wildcat Creek, and decided (inaccurately) that it was the remains of the original site of Polistra. Accurate or not, I've always liked the name, with its echoes of Poland (an under-appreciated friend of freedom) and stars. ==== The title icon is explained here. ==== Switchover: This 2007 entry marks a sharp change in worldview from neocon to pure populist. ===== The long illustrated story of Polistra's Dream is a time-travel fable, attempting to answer the dangerous revision of New Deal history propagated by Amity Shlaes. The Dream has 8 episodes, linked in a chain from the first. This entry explains the Shlaes connection.